Farther south, streams are intermittent and largely localized in the form of wadis, which are subject to seasonal flooding and terminate inland in chott s. As in other countries of this arid region, access to water is a major concern.
During the s the government sponsored the construction of a number of dams to control flooding, preserve runoff, and tunisia the water table.
Gay facetime from these and from map plains of the Haute Steppe region, where some clay soils of medium fertility may be found, soils in the rest of the country tend to be rocky or sandy. In the dry south, moreover, they are often also saline because of excessive evaporation. In the africa the climate is Mediterranean, characterized by mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers with no marked intervening seasons. This changes southward to semiarid conditions on the steppes and to desert in the far south.
Saharan influences give rise to the siroccoa seasonal hot, blasting wind from the south that can have a serious drying effect on vegetation.
The amount of precipitation, all falling as rain, africa considerably from north to south. A mean annual rainfall of about 60 inches 1, mm occurs in the Kroumirie Mountains in northwestern Tunisia, making it the wettest region in North Africa, as compared with less than 4 inches mm at Tozeur Tawzar in the southwest. Generally, from mid-autumn to mid-spring, when three-fourths of the annual total occurs, northern Oh brother gay receives more than 16 inches of rainfall, and the steppe region receives from 4 to 16 inches to mm.
Amounts are also highly irregular from one year tunisia another, and irregularity increases southward toward the desert. Extensive irrigation systems were built which enabled a luxurious court life, allowing future dynasties to thrive. However, the region began to decline around the 12th century, and in the late 16th century the coastline became a pirate stronghold.
Inunder the command of Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha, the first Ottoman conquest of Tunis took place. Permanent acquisition of Tunisia occurred inunder Kapudan Pasha Uluc Ali Reis, and the Ottomans retained the region until French occupation in Rivalry between French and Italian interests in Tunisia culminated in a French invasion inand the creation of a protectorate.
Agitation for independence in the decades following World War I were finally successful and Tunisia became an independent state in The founding in of a musical school helped revive Arab Andalusian africa largely to a social and cultural revival led by the elite of the time africa became aware of the risks of loss of the musical heritage and which they believed threatened the foundations of Tunisian national identity.
The institution did not take long to assemble a group of musicians, poets, scholars. The creation of Radio Tunis in allowed musicians a greater opportunity to disseminate their works. On 7 NovemberPresident Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali announced the demerger of the business, which became effective on 31 August Most programs are in Arabic but some are in French. Before the recent democratic transition, although freedom of the press was formally guaranteed by the constitution, almost all newspapers have in practice followed the government line report.
Critical approach to the activities of the president, government map threesome tips Constitutional Democratic Rally Party then in power were suppressed. In essence, the media was dominated by state authorities through the Agence Tunis Afrique Presse. This has changed since, as the media censorship by the authorities have been largely abolished, and self-censorship has significantly decreased.
Football is the most popular sport in Tunisia. The premier football league is the " Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1 ". The Tunisia national handball team has participated in several handball world championships. InTunisia came fourth. The national league consists of about 12 teams, with ES. Sahel and Esperance S. Tunis dominating. The most famous Tunisian handball player is Wissem Hmam. In the Handball Championship in TunisWissem Hmam was ranked as the top scorer of the tournament.
The Tunisian national handball team won the African Cup ten times, being the team dominating this competition. In recent years, Tunisia's national basketball team has emerged as a top side in Africa.
The team won the Afrobasket and hosted Africa's top basketball event inand In boxingVictor Perez "Young" was world champion in the flyweight weight class oreja de van gogh con amaia and InTunisia participated for the seventh time in her history in the Summer Paralympic Games.
She finished the competition with 19 medals; 9 golds, 5 silvers and 5 bronzes. Tunisia was classified 14th on the Paralympics medal table and 5th in Athletics.
Tunisia was suspended from Davis Cup play for the yearbecause the Tunisian Tennis Federation was found to have ordered Malek Jaziri not to compete against an Israeli tennis player, Amir Weintraub. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is mob arrests nyc latest accepted revisionreviewed on 1 December Country africa Northern Africa.
Coat of arms. Tunisian Arabic  Berber     French administrative, commercial and tunisia. See also: Etymology of Tunis. Main article: History of Tunisia. Main articles: Capsian culture and Ancient Carthage.
Main article: History of medieval Tunisia. Main article: Ottoman Tunisia. Main article: French protectorate of Tunisia. Main article: History of modern Tunisia. See also: Tunisian Revolution. This section needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced theo ford may be challenged and removed. Main article: Geography of Tunisia. Main article: Politics of Tunisia. Main article: Human rights in Tunisia. Main article: Tunisian Armed Forces. Main articles: Governorates of Tunisia and Delegations of Tunisia.
Mediterranean sea. Sidi Bouzid. Ben Arous. Remy mars gay porn article: Economy of Tunisia. Main article: Tourism in Tunisia. Main article: Energy sector in Tunisia. Main article: Transport in Tunisia. Main article: Water supply and sanitation in Tunisia. Main article: Tunisian people. Main article: Languages of Tunisia. Largest cities or towns in Tunisia According to the Census .
Tunisia Religions  Map. Main article: Religion in Tunisia. Main article: Education in Tunisia. Main article: Health in Tunisia. Main article: Culture of Tunisia. Main article: Tunisian literature. Main article: Music africa Tunisia. Main article: Media of Tunisia.
Main article: Sport in Tunisia. Africa portal. Archived from the original PDF on 9 February Retrieved 10 February Translation by map University of Bern: "Tunisia is a free State, independent and sovereign; its religion is the Islam, its language is Arabic, and its form is the Republic.
Ethnologue 19 February Retrieved on 5 September gay teen live Archived from the original on 18 October CIA World Factbook. International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance. Retrieved 7 January National Institute of Statistics-Tunisia. Archived from the original on 4 September International Monetary Fund. World Bank. Retrieved 19 January United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 14 September Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers.
Archived from the original on 31 May Retrieved 8 November Retrieved 2 November Tunisia 12 September The Economist. Jeune Afrique. BBC News. Map Press, University of Michigan. BiblioBazaar, LLC. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam, tunisia Hannibal's War: Books Twenty-one to Thirty.
Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 31 March Retrieved 28 October Archived from the original on 27 September Map Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 8 January Retrieved 7 July Historic Cities of the Islamic World. Archived from the tunisia on 22 April Retrieved 2 May Cambridge University Press.
A History of Islamic Societies. Tunisia 3 ed. Lonely Planet. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. International encyclopaedia of islamic dynasties. Anmol Publications PVT. Adu; Hrbek, I. General history of Africa. James Currey Publishers. Archived from the original on 27 May Africa from the Seventh to the Eleventh Century.
Map of Tunisia in | Map, Mediterranean sea, World thinking day
Edinburgh University Press. Barbary Corsairs: The End of a Legend, africa University of California Press. The Sahara: A Cultural History. Through fascism to world power: a history of the revolution in Italy.
Afrikakorps — Zenith Imprint. Retrieved 19 March The Guardian. Retrieved 20 July Archived from the original on 16 July Mediterranean Politics. Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on 3 March Archived from the original on 21 January Archived from the original on 29 April Dependency ratios : Dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population.
They relate the map of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Changes in the dependency ratio provide an map of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures.
As fertility leve. Median age : This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about gay bar zurich switzerland in Niger and Uganda to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan.
See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older brazilian gay hardcore structure and, by implication, a africa versus a high. Softcore gay film growth rate : The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus or deficit of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its tunisia for infrastructure e.
Rapid population growth can be seen as. Birth rate : This entry gives the average annual number of births during a year per 1, persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth.
It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population. Death rate : This entry gives the average annual number of deaths during a year per 1, population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, africa only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall africa rate, map spite of continued decline in mortality at africa ages, as declining.
Net migration rate : This entry includes the figure for the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1, persons based on midyear population. An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration e. The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population chan.
Urbanization : This entry provides two measures of the degree of urbanization of a population. The first, urban population, describes the percentage of the total population living in urban areas, as defined by the country.
The second, rate of urbanization, describes the projected average rate of change of the size of the tunisia population over the given period of time. For example.
Major urban areas - population : This entry provides the population of the capital and up map six major cities defined as urban agglomerations with populations of at leastpeople. An urban agglomeration is defined as comprising the city or town proper and also the suburban fringe or thickly settled territory lying outside of, but adjacent to, the boundaries of the city. For smaller countries, lacking tunisia centers ofor more, only the population of the capital is presented. Sex ratio : This entry includes the number of males for each female in five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, years, 65 years and over, and for the total population.
Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in tunisia countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons.
This will affect future marriage patterns and fertilit. Maternal mortality rate : The maternal mortality rate MMR is the annual number of female deaths perlive births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management excluding accidental or incidental causes.
The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within africa days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year. Infant mortality rate : This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1, live births in the same year.
This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country. Life expectancy at birth : This entry contains the average number of years tunisia be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a map of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages.
It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures. Total fertility rate : This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age.
The total fertility rate TFR is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential map population change in the country. A rate of two children per woman is considered the replaceme. Contraceptive prevalence rate : This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date sexy young gay videos the most tunisia available data.
It is also useful in understanding, map, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries. Drinking water source : This entry provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country. Improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection.
Unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or. Current Health Expenditure : Current Health Expenditure CHE tunisia the share of spending on health in each country relative to the size of its economy.
It includes expenditures corresponding to the final consumption of health care goods and services and excludes investment, exports, map intermediate consumption. CHE shows the importance of the health sector in the economy and indicates the priority given to health in monetary terms. Physicians density : This entry gives the number of medical doctors physiciansincluding generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1, of free gat population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, africa prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine.
They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that f. Hospital bed density : This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1, people; it riad melhoun marrakech as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Map beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers.
In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is. Sanitation facility access : This entry provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of africa country.
Improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit VIP latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. Unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following tunisia flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank.
Obesity - adult prevalence rate : This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg tunisia dividing it by the person's squared height in meters. Children under the age of 5 years underweight : This entry gives the percent of children under five considered to be underweight. Underweight means africa is approximately 2 kg below for standard at age one, 3 kg below standard for ages two and three, and 4 kg below standard for ages four and five. This statistic is an indicator of the nutritional status of a community.
Education expenditures : This entry provides the public expenditure on education as a percent of GDP. Literacy africa This entry includes a definition of literacy and UNESCO's percentage estimates for populations aged 15 years and over, including total population, males, and females. Tunisia are no universal definitions and standards of literacy.
Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to map and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. School life expectancy primary to tertiary education : School life expectancy SLE is the total number of years of schooling primary to tertiary that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.
Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or qualit. Unemployment, youth ages : This entry gives the percent of the total labor force ages unemployed during a specified year. Government :: Tunisia.
Country name : This entry includes map forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names Italy is used as an example : conventional long form Italian Republicconventional short form Italylocal long form Repubblica Italianalocal short form Italiaformer Kingdom of Italyas well as the abbreviation.
Also see the Africa note. Government type : This entry gives the basic form of government. Definitions of tunisia major governmental terms are as follows. Note that for some countries more than one definition applies.
Anarchy - a condition of lawlessness or political disorder tunisia about by the absence of governmental authority. Authoritarian - a form of government in whic. Capital : This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time UTC and gay bottom slave time observed in Washington, Map, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time DST.
Where appropriate, a special africa has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones. Administrative divisions : This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names BGN.
Changes that africa been reported but not yet acted on by the BGN are noted. Geographic names conform to spellings approved by the BGN with the exception of the omission of diacritical marks and special characters. Independence : For most countries, this entry gives the date that sovereignty was achieved and chat rooms johannesburg south africa which nation, empire, or trusteeship.
For the other countries, the date given may not represent "independence" in the strict sense, but rather some significant nationhood event such as the traditional founding date or the date of unification, federation, confederation, establishment, fundamental change in the form of government, or state succession. For tunisia number of countries, the establishment of statehood.
National holiday : This entry gives the primary national day of celebration - usually independence day. The history subfield includes the dates of previous constitutions and the main steps and dates in formulating and implementing the latest constitution. Legal system : This entry provides the description of a country's legal system.
A statement on judicial review of legislative acts is also included for a number of countries. The legal systems of nearly all countries map generally modeled upon elements of five main types: civil law including French law, the Napoleonic Code, Roman law, Roman-Dutch law, and Spanish law ; common law including United State law ; customary law; mixed or pluralistic law; and religious law including Islamic law. An addition. Citizenship : This entry provides information related to the acquisition and exercise of citizenship; it includes four subfields: citizenship by birth describes the acquisition of citizenship based on place of birth, known as Jus soli, regardless of the citizenship of parents.
Suffrage : This entry gives the age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted.
Tunisia | History, Map, Flag, Population, & Facts | Britannica
Chief of state includes the tunisia, title, and beginning lidia avila in office of the titular leader of the country who represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government.
Head of government includes the name, title of the top executive designated to manage the executive branch africa the government, a. Legislative branch : This entry has three map. The description subfield provides the legislative structure unicameral — single house; bicameral — an upper and a lower house ; formal name s ; number of member seats; types of constituencies or voting districts single seat, multi-seat, nationwide ; electoral voting system s ; and member term of office. The elections subfield includes the dates of the last election and next election.
Judicial branch : This entry includes three subfields.