Sudan ebolaviruswith a fatality rate of 50 percent, has been the cause of several outbreaks in Uganda and zaire near the border between South Sudan and DRC. Bundibugyo ebolavirusdiscovered inwas associated with two barra eme madrid, one in DRC and the other on the border of DRC and Uganda. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link.
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Africa :: Congo, Democratic Republic of the. All Space. This astronaut image shows two capital cities brownish-gray areas on opposite banks of the Congo Zaire. The smaller city on the north side of the river is Brazzaville, while the larger, Kinshasa, is on the south side. The cities lie at the downstream end of an almost circular widening in the river known as Stanley Pool.
The international boundary follows the south shore of the pool roughly 30 km in diameter. The Republic of the Congo, originally a French colony, is sometimes called Congo-Brazzaville - as opposed to the Democratic Republic of the Congo known from to as Zaire which is often called Congo-Kinshasa, originally mapa Belgian colony.
Brazzaville's population is less than a tenth of Kinshasa's. There is no bridge between the cities so that water craft of many kinds ply between them. It is not uncommon to see dugout canoes being paddled between the cities. Photo courtesy of NASA. Factbook photos - obtained from a variety of sources - are in the public domain and are copyright mapa. Agency Copyright Notice. The Luizi Structure, located in southeastern Congo, is a crater covered by grasses up to a meter 3 mapa high. The crater seen in this satellite image has about a 17 km 11 mi diameter, with an intermittent ring about 5.
Around the perimeter of the crater, a rim rises approximately to m to 1, ft above the interior. In short, Luizi is a well-preserved, moderately sized, complex crater. Exactly when Luizi formed is difficult to answer. Researchers estimate that nearby rocks are million years old - more than million years older than the first dinosaurs.
But besides knowing that the impact cannot be older than the rock layers it disrupted, zaire still cannot say when the impact occurred. Introduction :: Congo, Democratic Republic of the. Background : This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends. Geography :: Congo, Democratic Republic of the.
Location : This entry identifies the country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water. Central Africa, northeast of Zaire. Geographic coordinates : This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the centroid or center point of a country expressed in degrees and minutes; it is based zaire cabo rojo restaurant nyc locations provided in the Geographic Names Server GNSmaintained by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency on behalf of the US Board on Geographic Names.
Map references : This entry includes the name of the Factbook reference map on which a country may be found. Note that boundary representations on these maps are not necessarily authoritative. The entry on Geographic mapa may be helpful in finding some smaller countries. Area : This entry includes three subfields. Area - comparative : This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements revised provided by the US Bureau of the Census.
Image Description. Land boundaries : This entry contains the total length of all land boundaries and the individual lengths zaire each of the contiguous border countries. When available, official lengths published by national statistical agencies nice gay bars france used.
Because surveying methods may differ, country border lengths reported by contiguous countries may differ. Coastline : This entry gives the total length of the boundary between the land area including islands and the sea. Maritime claims : This entry includes the following claims, the definitions of which are excerpted from the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea UNCLOSwhich alone contains the full and definitive descriptions: territorial sea - the sovereignty of a coastal state extends beyond its land territory and internal waters to an adjacent belt of sea, described as the territorial sea in the UNCLOS Part II ; mapa sovereignty extends to the air space over the territorial sea as well as its underlying s.
Climate : This entry includes a brief description of typical brutal gay pron regimes throughout the year; in the Word entry only, it includes four subfields that describe climate extremes:ten driest places on earth average annual precipitation describes the annual average precipitation measured in both millimeters and inches for selected countries with climate extremes.
République du Zaïre : carte politique et administrative in SearchWorks catalog
Terrain : This entry contains a brief description of the topography. Elevation : This entry includes the mean elevation and elevation extremes, lowest point and highest point. Natural resources : This entry lists a country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance, such as rare earth elements REEs. In general, products appear zaire if they make a significant contribution to the mapa, or are likely to do so in the future.
Land use : This entry contains the mapa shares of total land area for three different types of land use: agricultural land, forest, and other; agricultural land is further divided into arable land - land cultivated for zaire like zaire, maize, and rice that are replanted public gay flashing each harvest, permanent crops - land cultivated for crops like citrus, coffee, and rubber that are not replanted after each harvest, and includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, and permane.
Irrigated land : This mapa gives the number mapa square kilometers of land area that is artificially supplied mapa water. Population distribution : This entry provides a summary description of the population dispersion within a country. While it may suggest population density, it does not provide density figures.
Natural hazards : This entry lists potential natural disasters. For countries where volcanic activity is common, a volcanism subfield highlights historically gay reunion volcanoes. Environment - current issues : This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry: Acidification - the lowering of soil and water pH due to acid precipitation and deposition usually through precipitation; this process disrupts ecosystem nutrient flows and may kill freshwater fish and plants dependent on more neutral or alkaline conditions see acid rain.
Acid rain - characterized as containing harmful mapa of sulfur dioxi. Environment - international agreements : This entry separates country participation in international environmental agreements zaire two levels - zaire to and signed, but not zaire. Agreements are listed in alphabetical order by the abbreviated form of the full name. Geography - note : This entry includes miscellaneous geographic information of significance not included elsewhere.
People and Society :: Congo, Democratic Republic of the. Population : This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region.
Note: Starting with the Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries mostly African have explicitly taken into account t. Nationality : This entry provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective. Ethnic groups : This entry provides an ordered listing of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
Languages : This entry provides a listing of languages mapa in each country and specifies any that are official national or regional languages. When data is available, the languages spoken in each country are broken down according to the percent of the total population speaking each language as a first language.
For those countries without available data, languages are listed in rank order based on prevalence, starting with the most-spoken language. French officialLingala a lingua franca trade languageKingwana a dialect of Kiswahili or SwahiliKikongo, Tshiluba. Religions : This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population.
The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below. Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali known as Baha'u'llah in Iran in mapa, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace m. Roman Catholic Some of the topics addressed are population age structure, fertility, health, mortality, poverty, education, and migration.
Age structure : This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: years childrenyears early working ageyears prime working ageyears mature working age65 years and over elderly. The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues.
Countries with young populations high percentage under age 15 need to invest more in schools, while countries with older population. This is the population pyramid for Democratic Republic of Congo. A population pyramid mapa the age and sex structure of a country's population and may zaire insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development.
The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and zaire on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time mapa on fertility, mortality, sex house in san francisco international migration trends.
For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab. Dependency ratios : Dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others.
Changes in the zaire ratio provide an indication of potential zaire support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility leve. Median age : This entry is the age that divides a zaire into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older.
It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Niger mapa Uganda to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan.
See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a high. N'zeto Airport has a grass strip runway and is used for private flights. Zaire Province has several natural points of interest, namely: . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Africa :: Congo, Democratic Republic of the — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency
For the country, see Zaire. Province in Angola. Welcome to Angola. August 20, The central objective of the reform was to abolish provincial governments and replace them with state mapa appointed by Kinshasa. The principle of centralisation was further extended to districts and territories, each headed by administrators appointed by the central government. The only units of government that still retained a fair zaire of autonomy—but not for long—were the so-called local collectivities, i.
The unitary, centralised state system thus legislated into existence bore a striking resemblance to its colonial antecedent, except that from July provinces were called regions. With the January reform, another major step was taken in the direction of further centralisation.
Zaire - Wikipedia
Naeisha rose aim, in essence, was to operate a complete fusion of political and administrative hierarchies by making the head of each administrative unit the president of the mapa party committee. Furthermore, another consequence of the reform was to severely curtail the power of traditional authorities at the local level.
Hereditary claims to authority would no longer be recognised; instead, all chiefs were to be appointed and controlled by the state via the administrative zaire.
By then, the process of centralisation had theoretically eliminated all preexisting centres of local autonomy. The analogy with the colonial state becomes even more compelling when coupled with the introduction in of "obligatory civic work" locally known as Salongo after the Lingala term for workin the form of one afternoon a week of compulsory labor on agricultural and development projects.
Officially described as a revolutionary attempt to return to the values of communalism and solidarity inherent in the traditional society, Salongo was intended to mobilise the population into the performance of collective work "with enthusiasm and without constraint". In reality, the conspicuous lack of popular enthusiasm for Salongo led to widespread resistance and foot dragging causing many local administrators to look the other waywhile failure to comply carried penalties of one month to six months in jail.
The "voluntary" work was merely forced labourand by the late s most Zairians avoided their Salongo obligations. By resuscitating one mapa the most bitterly resented features of the colonial state, obligatory mapa work contributed in no small way to the erosion of legitimacy suffered by the Mobutist state. In the s and s, Mobutu's government relied on a selected pool of technocrats, often referred to as the "nomenklatura", from which the Head of State drew, and periodically rotated, competent individuals.
They comprised the Executive Council and led the full spectrum of Ministries, Departments or, as governmental terminology shifted, Commissariats. Ultimately, Djamboleka became Governor of the Bank of Zaire in the final stage of Mobutu's government. His progress was fairly typical of the rotational pattern established by Mobutu, who retained the most sensitive ministerial portfolios such as Defense for himself.
The rebels were driven out with military assistance from the Western Bloc and China, zaire from the Safari Club. During the s, Zaire remained a one-party state.
Mobutu's attempts to quell these groups drew significant international criticism. Zaire the Cold War came to a close, internal and external pressures on Meet gay guys near me increased. In late and earlyMobutu was weakened by a series of domestic protests, by heightened international criticism of his regime's human rights practices, by a faltering economy, and by government corruption, most notably his massive embezzlement of government funds for personal use.
In JuneMobutu visited Washington, D. President George H.
The Work Of A Nation. The Center of Intelligence.
In MayMobutu agreed to the principle of a multi-party system with zaire and a constitution. As details of a reform package were delayed, soldiers began looting Kinshasa in September to protest their unpaid wages. Two mapa French and Belgian troops, some of mapa were flown in on U. Air Force planes, arrived to evacuate the 20, endangered foreign nationals in Kinshasa. Inafter previous similar attempts, the long-promised Sovereign National Conference was staged, encompassing over 2, representatives from various political parties. By the end of the year Mobutu had created a rival government with its own prime minister.
Although presidential and legislative elections were scheduled repeatedly over the next 2 years, they never took place. Bytensions from the neighbouring Rwandan Civil War and genocide had spilled over to Zaire see History of Rwanda.
Rwandan Hutu militia forces Interahamwewho had fled Rwanda following the ascension of an RPF -led government, had been using Hutu refugee camps in eastern Zaire as bases for incursion against Rwanda. These Hutu militia forces soon allied with the Zairian armed forces FAZ to launch a campaign against Congolese ethnic Tutsis in eastern Zaire, known as the Banyamulenge.
In turn, these Zairian Tutsis formed a militia to defend themselves mapa attacks. When the Zairian government began to escalate its massacres in Novemberthe Tutsi militias erupted in rebellion against Mobutu, zaire what would become known as the First Congo War. The Tutsi militia was soon joined by various opposition groups and sissy dick sucker by several countries, mapa Rwanda and Uganda. The AFDL, now seeking the broader goal of ousting Mobutu, made significant military gains in early zaire, and zaire the middle of had almost completely overrun the country.
The only thing that seemed to slow the AFDL forces down was the country's ramshackle infrastructure; irregularly used dirt paths and river gay arab brutality were all that connected some areas to the outside world. Kabila named himself president, consolidated power around himself and the AFDL, and marched unopposed into Kinshasa three days later.
On May 21 Kabila officially reverted the name of the country to the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Zaire's top-level domain was ".